Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats

neighbouring countries, and by carving-up Germany. The problem of
the future World Peace cannot be fully understood however until it is
appreciated that it had not been within the power of Russia during the
nineteenth century to influence the foreign policy of the great states of
the world., for she had not then possessed forces with which to endeavour
to conquer Europe. Russia's sector of friction with the Western World
had been limited to the German States, and with Europe standing in the
background had proved sufficient to keep the Tsarist imperialists in
check. Moreover, in the nineteenth century, peace in Europe was
bound up with Europe alone, while in the twentieth century it was
inseparably linked with the peace of the world, particularly when taking
in account the great territorial designs and ambitions of Soviet
Victorious Stalin with brutal frankness forwarded the principle of
power in international relations—only the strong have the right to live.
Therefore, the c strong ' decided and their decisions^ announced after the
Big Three meetings were to become the Alfa and Omega of the design for the
new world order. Unity among the Three Great Powers was proclaimed
(particularly by Britain) as the panacea for world anarchy. But the
atmosphere of the world was impregnated with fear and the universal
feeling was that civilisation could not be saved without the formation
of one centre of super-control. The Soviets alone, adhering to their
creed, openly linked this necessity with their intention of creating a
universal Empire. With the growth of modern methods of communica-
tions, it was evident that it was no longer the case of * ancient dreams *
of former conquerors (including Hitler's) who claimed the right of com-
plete domination, but the existence of such a centre, which was the urgent
need of the times. Accelerated by the Second Great War, the crystallisation
of three great ruling centres to replace the dozens which had existed
until now, was a gigantic move in this direction. The world^ still suffering
from the birth-pangs of war, was struggling to find solid ground on which
to re-build its life, but the task can only prove hopeless until existing
anarchy has been brought to an end. The attempt at the creation of a new
league of nations proved abortive before even it was in its embryonic
stages. It failed as soon as the Soviets indicated their mistrust and
unwillingness to mix with the peoples of the Western World, and when
they continued to oppose their Soviet order to that World. Thus the
strength of the greater Powers and their ambitions and ability to expand
was to remain the decisive factor in shaping the future of mankind. How
each of the partners had achieved power is of interest to recall,, for the
past foretells the future ... It is often forgotten or better perhaps not
realised that democracy or tyranny is a mood of life and cannot easily be
changed—that yesterday's slave will not easily permit the peoples of
democracy to maintain institutions they have created, for his fore-
most instinct is to impose his own way of thinking and manner of living